In the toilet at a clinic the size of a typical latrine in an operating environment, women followed the instructions contained in the vaginal fluid set.
They were then examined by the research APRN followed by a clinical protocol that included clinical examination, pelvic examination, vaginal and amine pH measurement using FemExam card, standard nitrazine paper and breath test microscopy and vaginal fluid assembly.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea tests were standard in these clinics when women were examined for urogenital symptoms.
After collection, colposcopy and cervical biopsy were performed when appropriate.
Illiterate women were interviewed by two study coordinators who were trained and experienced in conducting medical research.
The researcher noted the results of colposcopy, cytology, hybrid uptake and histopathology (if a biopsy was considered necessary) for each woman in special forms.
2 summarizes the distribution of cases according to the materials collected and tests carried out.
Company employees and clinic employees have been trained by company representatives to use this device.
Vaginal swabs obtained during pelvic examinations were processed within four hours by mixing the samples with the lysis solution, incubating at 85 ° C for 10 minutes, and then mixing with the buffer solution.
The Affirm ™ device immerses the samples in wells with liquid reagents that hybridize nucleic acid analytes to color-developing probes and capture probes.
The number of women taking a shower with chemicals was too low to adversely affect the results.
The swab may have reached the cervical fluid, which is more acidic than the vaginal wall, but this is rare.
We conclude that contamination of the vaginal fluid sample was not a significant source of error.
Using the vial at home can be a risk and can cause health problems for women if the preservative fluid is accidentally or intentionally. This leads to serious poisoning, in particular by ingestion of methanol and isopropanol.
One obstacle to overcome is to provide a vial containing a preservative solution that is free of harmful products and therefore does not pose a risk when used in a home environment.
In addition, the appearance of the transformation zone in cervical samples was higher.
The current study also showed a poor representation of squamous cell junction cells and cervical cells during collection by washing, which was not surprising for the above-mentioned reasons.
It should be expected that he was very acceptable among them.
Fluid injected into the vagina often flowed out of the vagina, causing discomfort.
In some cases, cervical material has been completely or partially lost, making it useless even for laboratory analysis.
Femexam® card, but we did not have data to test this hypothesis.
However, very few women said that they had difficulty using the guide and other materials in the set.
Only one algorithm was considered diagnostic for CV, i.e.H.A combination of negative pH, negative amines and itching.
Both Nugent and Blackbird systems rely heavily on the clinician’s diagnostic knowledge.
Forsum et al. Determined that the presence of indicative cells is definitely diagnostic for BV, but showed that a negative amine test result does not necessarily indicate a lack of BV.
However, in their calculations, scientists excluded a group of women with average Gram values from the analysis, so the actual sensitivity and specificity were overestimated.
Lack of lactobacilli is caused by the overgrowth of bacteria causing bv.
The Nugent system uses Gram staining and microscopic observation of lactic bacteria, Gardnerella vaginalis and Mobiluncus morphotypes.
For a rating system of 0 to 10, the results are divided into the following categories: normal flora (0-3), intermediate flora (4-6) and BV (7-10).
Normal vaginal bacteria produce factors that keep the vaginal environment slightly acidic.
No, the most common vaginal infection is bacterial vaginosis (BV), an infection caused by bacterial imbalance in the vagina.
BV is caused by abnormal bacterial growth and must be treated with prescription antibiotics.
In contrast, yeast infections usually do not cause odor, and the discharge is often thick, white and uneven, accompanied by itching and irritation of the vagina.
Concerns: This is not a screening test for diseases such as HIV, chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhea, syphilis or group B streptococci.
Vaginal infections can be very risky for pregnant women and dangerous for the mother and her fetus.
If you have any questions or concerns about possible symptoms, consult your doctor.
Dosage: The authors and publishers have made every effort to ensure that the selection and dosage of drugs specified in this text meet current recommendations and practices at the time of publication.
In light of ongoing research, regulatory changes and the continuous flow of information on drug therapy and drug response, readers are encouraged to review the package leaflet that comes with each drug for changes in indications and dosage, as well as additional warnings and precautions.
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